How The UK Human Rights Regulation Works

November 24, 2020

Citizen is a column that explains how the government’s policies fucks citizens and how we can unfuck ourselves.

National Assembly blocking electronic transmission of election results

Yesterday, November 24th 2020, the UK parliament, at the Westminister Hall debated e-petition 554150, relating to Nigeria and the sanctions regime. The debate was led by Theresa Villiers MP, and it suggested sanctions for members of the Nigerian Government and police officers who have been involved in human rights abuses.

The parliamentary debate has generated a lot of of controversy in Nigeria, especially given the way and manner that the Nigerian government and the Nigerian Army have gone about debunking their involvement in the shootings at Lekki, Lagos on the night of 20th October, 2020.

Read: Lekki Massacre: What CNN’s New Report Means

Given the highly charged nature of the recent EndSARS protests and the latest involvement of the UK government in the human rights abuses that continue to happen in Nigeria, we decided to explain how the UK Human Rights Sanctions Regulations actually works.

The UK Global Human Rights Sanctions Regulations

The UK Global Human Rights Sanctions Regulations was established on July 6, 2020. The sanctions in the regulations are supposed to provide accountability for activities which amounts to serious violations of human rights.

The sanctions apply to people who acted by or on behalf of a country, within the territory of that country. These people will be listed and their accounts could be frozen or a travel ban could be imposed on them, in a bid to promote accountability.

How Do The Regulations Work?

1. Activity

Section 4 of the Regulation provides that the regulation is to deter and provide accountability for actions falling within Paragraph 2.

The activity covered under paragraph 2 include actions that deny another person’s:

  • Right to life
  • Right not to be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,
  • Right to be free from slavery, not to be held in servitude or required to perform forced or compulsory labour, whether or not the activity is carried out by or on behalf a State.

Under, Section 4(3), an activity falls within paragraph 2 if it is carried out –

  • outside the United Kingdom by any person;
  • In the United Kingdom by a person who is not a United Kingdom person.

2. Designation

Under the regulation, the Secretary of State may designate a person for the purpose of asset freeze or immigration ban.

For the UK Secretary of State to designate a person, there must be reasonable ground to believe that the person is involved in the activities which the UK is trying to prohibit.

An involved person is someone who has been involved in the activity that is prohibited or is owned or controlled directly by a person who has been involved, or is associated with a person who has been involved.

Also, an involved person can either be responsible for such activity, promote such activity, hide evidence of such activity, provide financial support to people involved in such activity or assists in a way to the carrying out of such activity.

3. Asset Freeze

Section 11 of the Regulations talks about asset freeze.

Under it, no person must deal with funds or economic resources owned, held or controlled by a designated person if the person knows that a designated person is dealing in such funds or economic resources.

A person who goes ahead to deal with such funds is guilty of a crime and commits an offence.

This means that people who are listed will not have access to their funds or economic resources in the UK.

4. Immigration

Under Section 17 of the Act, a person who is designated under Section 5 of the Regulations, by the Secretary of State is excluded for the purposes of immigration to the United Kingdom, under Section 8b of the Immigration Act of 1973.

In all, it is clear that human rights violations in Nigeria are fast gaining global attention. Recall that just last week, the CNN released a report that detailed happenings at the #LekkiMassacre on the night of 20th October 2020, using time stamps and data location pulled from the videos earlier sent to it.

We can only hope that justice is served with regards to every case of police brutality and human rights abuses in Nigeria. After all, we are tired.

We hope you’ve learned a thing or two about how to unfuck yourself when the Nigerian government moves mad. Check back every weekday for more Zikoko Citizen explainers.

Doyin Olagunju

Join The Conversation

Bring a friend.

You'll like this

April 2, 2021

Today’s subject on Abroad Life started her process to leave Nigeria for the USA for school in 2017 and didn’t leave until two months ago. She talks about how money, COVID and visa problems delayed her travel plans. She also talks about arriving in the USA in the middle of a polar vortex and having […]

October 15, 2020

When the Nigeria Police Force stated that it had dissolved SARS, it listed 5 action points. Read: Now That The IGP Has Dissolved SARS, What Next? The IGP stated that the Special Anti-Robbery Squad was dissolved across the Thirty-Six (36) State Commands and the Federal Capital Territory with immediate effect. He also stated that all […]

September 10, 2020

On Wednesday, Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari inaugurated the steering committee to oversee Nigeria’s new Agenda 2050 and the Medium-Term National Development Plan (MTNDP). But where have we heard this before? The Guardian says that this new agenda is borne out of the fact that Nigeria cannot meet its objectives of becoming one of the 20 […]

Watch

Now on Zikoko

Recommended Quizzes

April 3, 2020

While the rest of the world loves to treat our continent like a country, there are actually 54 African countries. So, in a bid to test your knowledge (and educate you), we’ve created a quiz to see how many of their capitals you can correctly name. Go ahead:

October 29, 2019

We are going to be attempting to guess when you’ll marry based on your favourite Nigerian foods. What does your fave swallow have to do with when you’ll tie the knot? Please, don’t ask complicated questions. This quiz is rigorous and accurate (don’t quote us), so just take it already. QUIZ: Why Do You Have […]

October 10, 2019

2019 is certainly Burna Boy’s year, but, if we are being honest, so was 2018. Since his transcendent mixtape, Outside, the afro-fusion star has refused to get his foot of our necks — dropping a string of fantastic singles and then capping it all off with his career-best album, African Giant.  So, in a bid […]

December 3, 2019

Are you a professional Yoruba demon? Are you walking around in search of whose life you can wreck at any given time? Well, this quiz knows exactly how many hearts you’ve shattered to date, and before you lie that your result is inaccurate, just remember that Zikoko is never wrong. Now, take it and be […]

More from Citizen

open grazing
September 16, 2021

In Nigeria, up to 2,000 people die every year due to deadly clashes between farmers and cattle herders over rights to openly and freely graze, and the clashes made about 62,000 people homeless between 2015 and 2017.

In reaction, southern states in Nigeria are passing anti-open grazing laws. But what do they mean?

Rivers VAT
September 14, 2021

Rivers State generated ₦15 billion from VAT in June 2021, but only got ₦4.7 billion, whereas Kano State generated ₦2.8 billion naira from VAT in June 2021 and got the same ₦2.8 billion naira it made.

This is allyou need to know about the VAT crises:

Watch

Trending Videos

Zikoko Originals

December 14, 2020
What happens when a group of chatty young Nigerians talk about things they're passionate about? You get Nigerians talk. A show that discusses very familiar struggles for the average Nigerian. From relationship deal breakers to sex education with Nigerian parents to leaving Nigeria, be prepared for a ride.
November 2, 2020
'The Couch' is a Zikoko series featuring real life stories from anonymous people.
October 26, 2020
A collection of videos documenting some of the events of the EndSARS protests.
June 22, 2020
'The Couch' is a Zikoko series featuring real life stories from anonymous people.
June 22, 2020
Hacked is an interesting new series by Zikoko made up of fictional but hilarious chat conversations.
June 4, 2020
What happens when a group of chatty young Nigerians talk about things they're passionate about? You get Nigerians talk. A show that discusses very familiar struggles for the average Nigerian. From relationship deal breakers to sex education with Nigerian parents to leaving Nigeria, be prepared for a ride.
June 2, 2020
Quickie is a video series where everyone featured gets only one minute to rant, review or do absolutely anything.
May 14, 2020
Isolation Diary is a Zikoko series that showcases what isolation is like for one young Nigerian working from home due to the Coronavirus pandemic.
March 12, 2020
Life is already hard. Deciding where to eat and get the best lifestyle experiences, isn't something you should stress about. Let VRSUS do that for you.

Z! Stacks

Here's a rabbit hole of stories to lose yourself in:

Zikoko amplifies African youth culture by curating and creating smart and joyful content for young Africans and the world.
X